Danxia Geomorphology – World Natural Heritage in China

China Danxia is the name given in China to landscapes developed on continental red terrigenous sediments influenced by endogenous (including uplift) and exogenous (including weathering and erosion). The recorded site includes six regions found in the subtropical southwest of China. They are characterized by spectacular red cliffs and a wide range of eroding terrain, including columns, towers, ravines, valleys, and dramatic natural waterfalls. These rugged landscapes have helped preserve subtropical broadleaf evergreen forests and are home to many species of flora and fauna, some 400 of which are considered rare or threatened.

Accreditation year: 2010
Criterion: (vii)(viii)
Area: 82,151 ha
Buffer zone: 136,206 ha

Outstanding global value

China Danxia is a serial property consisting of six component parts (Chishui, Taining, Langshan, Danxiashan, Longhushan and Jianglangshan) found in the subtropical region of southeastern China in a crescent-shaped arc about 1700 km from Guizhou Province in the west to Zhejiang Province in the east.

China Danxia is the name given in China to landscapes developed on continental red terrigenous sediments influenced by endogenous (including uplift) and exogenous (including uplift) forces. including weathering and erosion). It is characterized by spectacular red cliffs and a variety of eroding terrain, including columns, towers, ravines, valleys, and dramatic natural waterfalls. Its development is characterized by a specific rock sequence, tectonics, climatic conditions, erosion processes and topography and these have been presented as a provisional model.

Due to the combined endogenous (tectonic uplift) and exogenous (climate, erosion, weathering) forces and other factors, the Danxia topography has been developed in continuous red sedimentary sequences from Neogene to the present. The six constituent sections represent the most important examples of the “least eroded” to the “most eroded” Danxia terrain, providing a range of different aspects of the phenomenon and illustrating the full extent of the phenomenon. microterrain related to the forces and processes that form them, along with a variety of related landscapes.

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Criterion (vii): Dan Ha China is an impressive and unique landscape with great natural beauty. The conglomerate and red sandstone that form this landscape of exceptional natural beauty have been shaped into majestic peaks, pillars, cliffs and canyons. Along with contrasting forests, winding rivers and majestic waterfalls, the Chinese Danxia is an important natural phenomenon.

Criterion (viii) : The Chinese Dan Ha contains a variety of well-developed red background terrain such as peaks, towers, mesas, cuestas, cliffs, valleys, caves and arches. Shaped by both endogenous (including uplift) and exogenous (including weathering and erosion) forces, China’s Dan Ha offers a wide range of different aspects of physical landscape phenomena. The theory was developed from conglomeration of continental (terrestrial) and sandstone during the warm and humid monsoon. climate, illustrating both the extent of the terrain in relation to the forces and processes that form them. The constituent parts represent the best examples of “least eroded” to “most eroded” Danxia landforms, exhibiting a clear topographic sequence from “young” to “mature” ‘ to ‘old’.


China Danxia meets integrity requirements. The property includes important elements sized enough to reflect the natural beauty and earth science values ​​of the Danxia terrain from its youth through adulthood and old age. The boundary of the Chinese Danxia is appropriate in relation to the specified earth science and aesthetic values, and the buffer zone boundary is also clearly defined. Management’s level of commitment seems in line with the key challenges and threats the asset may face.

Protection and management requirements

State-owned property and its protected status vary among the six constituent parts: most have national park status, although land status also includes national nature reserves, national forest and geopark. Each of the six constituent parts is protected under relative laws and regulations at both national, provincial and local levels, ensuring full legislative, regulatory, institutional and traditional protection. for outstanding universal values.

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Effective management system at different levels has been built up with enough qualified staff in Danxia regions of China. Advanced serial asset planning. An integrated management plan has been prepared for the entire property, as well as individual plans for the six areas in the chain. These plans define clear rationales for asset management and protection mechanisms. Research and adaptive management techniques, including assessment of baseline conditions and monitoring of changes to both natural and species values, have been established. The local community is aware of the World Heritage nomination and all stakeholders are also very supportive of the World Heritage proposal, which ensures long-term stewardship.

Danhe Geomorphological Map of China

Chishui – Western part: https://goo.gl/maps/8AzvGyjag5TdGXYa9
Chishui – Part East: https://goo.gl/maps/XEk3ToQMEX14YLFT7
Taining – Northern part: https://goo.gl/maps/qt3hi1kuaUDDUNnT7
Taining – Southern section: https://goo.gl/maps/mE1jRvpPHQtJKnRe7
Lang Son: https://goo.gl/maps/XEJvceW2RHnzUGmM8
Dan Ha Son: https://goo.gl/maps/dd9a95C336kqZd1w9
Longhushan: Longhushan section: https://goo.gl/maps/BYk9RjXS9pNxi4rAA
Longhushan: Guifeng Part: https://goo.gl/maps/r3bvehog9YdD6ctWA
Giang Lang Son: https://goo.gl/maps/4qQvWt45H3QY3tY76

Video about Chinese Dan Ha

See also: UNESCO World Cultural/Natural Heritage Sites

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