Dauria Landscape – World Natural Heritage in Mongolia and Russia

Shared between Mongolia and the Russian Federation, the site is an outstanding example of the Daurian Steppe ecoregion, which extends from eastern Mongolia to Russian Siberia and northeastern China. The climate changes cyclically, with distinct dry and wet periods leading to a vast diversity of species and ecosystems of global significance. Different types of savannah ecosystems are represented, such as grasslands and forests, as well as lakes and wetlands that are habitats of rare animals, such as the white-crowned crane, the Great Seminole. trunk, Relict Gull and Swan Goose, as well as millions of vulnerable, endangered or threatened migratory birds. It is also an important site on the transboundary migration route of the Mongolian antelope.

Accreditation year: 2017
Criteria: (ix)(x)
Area: 912,624 hectares
Buffer zone: 307,317 ha

Outstanding global value

Shared by Mongolia and the Russian Federation, the Daurian Landscape is a four-part, transboundary serial World Heritage property. It is an outstanding example of the Daurian steppe ecosystem, covering more than 1 million square kilometers, extending from Eastern Mongolia to Siberia in Russia and into Northeast China. The serial property has a total area of ​​912,624 hectares and includes several protected areas to the north of the Daurian savanna ecoregion occupying large areas of the transition from taiga to desert, including different savannah ecosystems. Registered properties include nationally designated core and buffer zones of most of the Daursky State Natural Biosphere Reserve and the Dzeren Valley Federal Nature Reserve (Russian Federation), as well as core zone and a large part of the buffer zone of the Mongolian Daguur Strict Reserve and Ugtam Nature Reserve (Mongolia). Most of this property is surrounded by a 307,317 hectare World Heritage buffer zone, which overlaps with the Ramsar sites and UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in both countries (Mongol Daguur in Mongolia and Torrey Lakes in the Federation) Russia).

The property’s primary natural value lies in its intact savannah system (including forest-steppe), interspersed with wet grasslands and floodplains, at the convergence of three floriculture provinces of three flower growing areas. This particular ecological context leads to a diverse combination of ecological complexes derived from the cyclical hydrological and climatic variations of the year. The site provides prime habitat for rare animals such as the white-crowned crane, great gibbons and millions of migratory birds of other species, including vulnerable, endangered or threatened. The site is also an important area in the migration routes of the Mongolian antelope (Dzeren) and is the main known site of breeding in the Russian Federation at the present time.

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The site provides prime habitat for rare animals such as the white-crowned crane, the giant goby, and millions of other vulnerable, endangered or threatened migratory birds. The site is also an important area on the migration route of the Mongolian antelope (Dzeren) and is the only place where the species is known to breed in the Russian Federation. The property also provides shelter to both the endangered Marmot Tabargan and Mongolian species, as well as the endangered Pallas Cat.

Criterion (ix): The Daurian landscape includes substantial and relatively intact areas of steppes ranging from grasslands to forests, as well as numerous lakes and wetlands. All of these habitats have the species and community diversity typical of the northern part of the vast Daurian Steppe ecoregion. The climate changes cyclically with distinct dry and wet periods leading to high species and ecosystem diversity, which is globally significant and provides outstanding examples of evolutionary and ecological processes. ecology is taking place. The site also includes important natural habitats for many species of animals during their annual migrations, some of which also breed in the area. High diversity of ecosystems,

Criterion (x): The transboundary serial heritage preserves a prime example of the Daurian savanna and its signature wildlife including several globally threatened bird species (White-crowned Crane, Crane, Swan Goose, Relict Gull, Great Falcon and Falcon) as well as the endangered Marmot Tarbagan. It also provides much needed breeding and resting habitat for birds along the East Asia-Australia Flyway, with up to 3 million birds in the spring and 6 million in the fall using the area during migration process. The hotel also provides important winter zones and seasonal cross-border migration routes of the iconic Mongolian antelope.

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The property has grassland and forest-steppe landscapes that are less affected by humans. It includes intact breeding and resting areas for migratory birds of international importance as well as important parts of the Mongolian gazelle’s migratory routes. The selection of constituent parts provides a consistent representation of the biodiversity range of the Daurian Steppe, although there is the potential for further expansion of the chain to include other important protected areas. The property is in good condition due to its size, low human pressure and no disruptive activities and uses, such as mining. While grazing, as well as poaching and fires to some extent, have the potential to affect the integrity of the property, the practice prevailing at the time of listing is consistent with Outstanding Value Global of property. However, member states should step up their actions and cooperation in the future, to maintain the long-term integrity of assets and mitigate threats.

Protection and management requirements

Property is protected to the fullest extent under the national laws of both countries, on the Special Protected Areas (1994) and the Buffer Zones (1998) in the case of Mongolia, and the Specially Protected (1995) in the Russian Federation. The legal status of all types of protected areas constitutes the property, in principle, providing an appropriate mode of conservation for this unique ecosystem population.

Assets are also a prime example of cross-border ecosystem cooperation, shared between governmental, scientific and non-governmental organizations. Since 1994, it has been operating within the framework of the China-Mongolia-Russia International Protected Area Agreement (DIPA). This Agreement provides a forum for Member States to discuss, on a regular basis, all issues related to the preservation and management of heritage, at both the political and operational levels.

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With regard to hunting and poaching potentially affecting the Outstanding Universal Value of the heritage, Member States have committed to establishing additional “peace zones” and reducing hunting seasons during the year. the area around the heritage site. They also regularly adopt joint work plans to reduce fire and poaching risks, and build capacity with external support from international and foreign NGOs. Both countries have developed joint monitoring activities for the Mongolian antelope and migratory birds, through the DIPA process, to increase knowledge and optimize natural resource management. which are key attributes of the Heritage’s Outstanding Universal Value. There is a commitment to complete asset protection from possible threats from mining and other mining industries, which is important to maintain going forward. Law in Mongolia does not prohibit mining within the protected areas of the Special Protected Areas, however, the Mongolian Party State has committed to ban mining inside the World Heritage property on the preferred basis of international agreements and designations.

While protection and management measures are considered to meet the requirements of the World Heritage Site at the time of enrollment, it is important that both States Parties continue and strengthen their efforts. themselves over the long term, in order to prevent legacy impacts from significant threats such as change. to hydrology, climate change, illegal hunting, grazing pressure, and fire damage. They should also develop coordinated management plans at the heritage level, with particular focus on buffer zones, focusing on addressing key risks to the site’s Outstanding Universal Value.

Dauria Landscape Map

Partial forest steppe of Daursky SNBR (Russia) https://goo.gl/maps/q75XHWttWN3uCFn16
Daursky SNBR and Dzeren Valley Nature Reserve (Russia) https://goo.gl/maps/T1YsFCvvr7KUEQaE8
Mongolian Daguur SPNA https://goo.gl/maps/u82ErysxqmA8jD6G7
Lake Chuh-Nuur (Mongolia) https://goo.gl/maps/839UkfYrK2ms89oM7
Ugtam Natural Shelter (Mongolia) https://goo.gl/maps/v9Z2AJHUQFnaaBrE9

Video of Dauria Landscape

See also: UNESCO World Cultural/Natural Heritage Sites

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