Hahoe and Yangdong Ancient Villages – World Cultural Heritage in Korea

Founded between the XIV and XV centuries, Hahoe and Yangdong ancient villages This is an ancient village that preserves intact the traditions of family life of the Joseon era (1392-1910).

English name: Historic Villages of Korea: Hahoe and Yangdong
Location: Andong City and Gyeongju City, North Gyeongsang Province
Year of recognition: 2010
Criteria: (iii)(iv)
Acreage: 599.6 ha with buffer zone 885.2 ha

The topography and feng shui of these ancient villages clearly reflect the Confucian culture of the feudal aristocracy of the early Joseon Dynasty. The villages have always had their backs to the mountains, surrounded by forests and in front of rivers and fields.

Traditional structures include wooden houses for the aristocracy and family patriarchs, communal houses, libraries and schools, straw and earthen houses that were inhabited by commoners. arranged harmoniously in these two ancient villages. Not only that, the two ancient villages of Hahoe and Yangdong still retain the traditional social structure, living customs and aristocratic culture of Confucianism of Joseon Dynasty.

Traditional Korean villages are divided into many types, with villages established in the style of a hamlet, and villages gathered by each clan. In particular, the clan-based village type appeared from the beginning of the Joseon Dynasty and by the end of the Joseon period, it accounted for 80% of the Korean village model.

Villages by kinship have households with the same family name or the same family make up the majority in the village, playing a decisive role in important village events. Hahoe and Yangdong villages are both villages modeled after the clan, as well as a typical feudal class village of Korea.

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Hahoe and Yangdong Ancient Villages - World Cultural Heritage in Korea
Hahoe Village in Andong City
Yangdong Village in Gyeongju City

The two villages of Hahoe and Yangdong have the terrain with their backs leaning against the mountains, facing the river; The architecture is suitable for the hot climate in summer, cold in winter and is also very harmonious in the spirit of Confucianism.

Experiencing many ups and downs in history, the two villages still preserve intact the typical architectural features typical for the living space of the feudal class such as the patriarch’s house, living area, street area, library and schools, gardens and surrounding natural landscape. This is also an open-air museum that preserves, maintains and develops the spiritual values ​​of Confucian thought such as rituals, games, products, art works…

Hahoe Village, Andong City

Hahoe Village: https://goo.gl/maps/YBhPvM9NJBiBCZUSA
Byeongsanseowon Confucian Academy: https://goo.gl/maps/Gz9LyA3Dm5p2aDYt9

The name Hahoe (Ha Hoi) refers to the winding Nakdong river surrounding the village, representing the charming location of Hahoe village. Hahoe Village was formed at the end of the Goryeo period by three major clans, the Huh family, the Ahn family, and the Ryu family. By the end of the seventeenth century, this place became the living space of the Ryu family and now there are 100 families living in the village.

Yangjindang (Foot Care Path)
Chunghyodang (Trung Hieu Street)
Big Library Byeongsan Seowon
Grass house

Yangdong Village

Yangdong Village: https://goo.gl/maps/rM7pMwaT4upqVAMH7
Oksanseowon Confucian Academy, Dongnakdang House: https://goo.gl/maps/NR5hajzXUtnNTycHA
Donggangseowon Confucian Academy: https://goo.gl/maps/xotixd1p9NDr1P6G7

Yangdong Village was formed in the early Joseon period. Due to the engagement between the Yi and the Sohns, the son-in-law of the Sohn family established a career and established Yangdong village.

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Lang Yangdong also has feng shui based on the topography of rivers and mountains and is divided into a row of tile houses of nobles in the high land, in contrast to the old houses of ordinary people in the low land. The distribution and architectural style of the houses in the village clearly reflect the social structure, living customs, and aristocratic culture of Confucianism in the Joseon Dynasty.

Seobaekdang (Book of the Encyclopedia)
Mucheomdang (No Flash Road)
Hyangdan (Perfume Sandal)
Oksan Seowon Grand Library

Video about Hahoe and Yangdong Ancient Village


UNESCO World Cultural/Natural Heritage Sites

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