The world’s largest canal

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Channel Grand Canal (English: Grand Canal) To be The world’s largest canal and longest in the world. Or The longest man-made river in the world. This location is World Heritage Okay UNESCO recognize.

Channels start from Beijingthen go over Tianjin; and provinces Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang go to City Hangzhou; river connection Hoang Ha and river Yangtze. The oldest sections of the canal date back to the 5th century BC; but other parts were first followed in the Sui dynasty (AD 581–618). The dynasties in 1271–1633 restored and rebuilt the canal quite a bit; and changed its route to their capital.

The world's largest canal, the section in Beijing
The Grand Canal in Beijing

The total length of the Grand Canal is 1,776 km. Its highest elevation is in the mountains of Shandong, at the top of 42 m. Ships on the canal had no trouble reaching higher altitudes after the water lock was invented in the 10th century; during the Song Dynasty (960-1279). The canal has been admired by many people throughout history including Japanese monks Ennin (794–864); Persian historian Rashid al-Din (1247–1318); Korean officials Choe Bu (1454–1504); and Italian missionary Matteo Ricci (1552–1610).

The importance of the largest canal in the world

Historically, periodic floods of the Yellow River have threatened the safety and operation of the canal. During wartime, the high dikes of the Yellow River were often broken to flood and wipe out the incoming enemy troops. This will cause disaster and prolonged economic hardship for local people. Despite previous periods of desolate and desolate; The Grand Canal has continued to develop in China’s urban centers from the Sui period onward to the present. It has enabled faster trade and thus has improved the Chinese economy. The southern part of the canal is still in great use today.

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Commercial transport

Grand Canal in Suzhou
Section in Suzhou

During the Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties; The Grand Canal is the main lifeline between northern and southern China. The canal is extremely important in transporting food to Beijing. Although mainly transporting grain; but this waterway is also used for transporting other goods. The area around the Grand Canal eventually developed into a very important economic-commercial belt.

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Records show that each year more than 8,000 ships transport from 200,000 to 300,000 tons of grain to Beijing. The convenience of this waterway also allowed monarchs to patrol south of China. During the Qing Dynasty, emperors such as Kang Hi and Qianlong made 12 trips to the south. Of these, 11 trips reached their final destination in Hangzhou.

Important bridge

The Grand Canal is also a bridge for cultural exchanges between northern and southern China. It also made a strong impression on some Europeans arriving in China for the first time. Marco Polo detailed the arched bridges of the Grand Canal; as well as warehouses and commerce prospered there in the 13th century. Famous Christian missionary Matteo Ricci also traveled from Nanjing to Beijing; along this canal in the late 16th century.

Grand Canal - the largest canal in the world

The northern section of the Grand Canal is now little used as a way of connecting the north and south. It was poorly built, sloppy, and carried heavy with the muddy river waters of the Yellow River. In recent years, due to high demand for water, this section has almost dried up. Central and southern sections of the Grand Canal, from Jining next Hangzhou very well maintained; and is widely used to transport coal from coal mines in Shandong; and the north of the province Jiangsu to the Yangtze River Delta; greatly reduce the overload of the railway line Sutra (from Beijing to Shanghai).

See also: The largest hydroelectric dam in the world

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