Tu Tu Son Trang (the summer palace of the Qing dynasty), in Hebei province, was built between 1703 and 1792. It is an extensive complex of palaces and administrative and ceremonial buildings. ceremony. Temples with various architectural styles and royal gardens blend harmoniously with the landscape of lakes, meadows and forests. In addition to its aesthetic benefits, the Mountain Resort is also a rare historical relic of the eventual development of feudal society in China.
English name: Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde
Accreditation year: 1994
Property : 611.2 ha
Chengde City, Hebei Province
Outstanding global value
The mountain resort (Ty Thu Son Trang) of palaces and gardens in Thua Duc with distant temples (Outer Bat Mieu) is the largest existing temple and palace complex in China, with total area 611.2 ha. Built between 1703 and 1792 as a separate summer palace of the Qing emperor near the royal Mulan hunting ground 350 km from Beijing, it was a base for consolidating the administration in the border regions. gender. Twelve outlying royal temples, some built in the architectural style of ethnic minorities, are distributed on the eastern and northern hills outside the palace and garden areas. They foster relationships with ethnic minorities and help protect the Mountain Resort. Every summer and autumn, emperors of the Qing dynasty including Kangxi and Qianlong handle the country’s military and government affairs, and host leaders of ethnic minority groups. and diplomatic envoys from abroad came here, and from here went north to organize the Mulan Autumn Hunt. Important historical events of the Qing dynasty took place here, and historical relics and artifacts have witnessed the consolidation and development of China as a nation unified multi-ethnic.
Tu Tri Son Trang and Ngoai Bat Mieu, Thua Duc is a classical masterpiece of Chinese palace architecture, horticultural art and religious architecture. The landscape of the Mountain Resort is designed according to the natural hilly terrain and water. As an outstanding example of China’s natural landscape gardens and palaces, it inherits and upholds China’s tradition of imperial horticulture. By integrating elements of Han, Mongolian and Tibetan architectural art and culture, the remote temples are the crystallization of achievements in cultural exchange and integration among other ethnic groups. in the development of Chinese architecture.
The man-made landscape of Ti Thu Son Trang and Ngoai Bat Mieu perfectly blends with the special natural environment of Thua Duc, such as the topography of danxia. Its natural and harmonious layout is a successful practice of traditional Chinese feng shui (feng shui) culture. As a representative of ancient Chinese garden design, it was influential in Europe and played an important role in the history of 18th century garden landscape design worldwide.
Criterion (ii): The landscape of the Mountain Resort and its remote temples is an outstanding example of China’s integration of buildings into the natural environment, has been and will continue to be. had a profound influence on landscape design.
Criterion (iv): The mountain resort and its remote temples represent in material form the final flowering of feudal society in China.
The mountain resort and its remote temples have a high degree of integrity. Within 611.2 hectares. the area is covered with property, the historic layout and the natural system of hills and water from the 18th century are basically preserved, with all the major historical sites, information and values Their respective importance is preserved intact, showing China’s multi-ethnic culture, including Han, Manchu, Mongol and Tibetan, and the integration of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and other religions. other teachers.
The layout of the 18th century, with all attributes, including buildings, sites, stone sculptures, wall paintings and Buddha statues, are basically preserved. It faithfully presents the classical artistic achievement of Chinese horticulture and temple architecture of the 18th century, and faithfully preserves the historical and material evidence of the unification, consolidation and development of China as a multi-ethnic country. Therefore, it has a high degree of authenticity.
Protection and management requirements
At the national level, the Mountain Resort and its remote temples at Chengde is a State Priority Reserve, owned by the state, and protected by the Law on Protection of Cultural Relics of China. People’s Republic of China, with delimited and claimed boundaries of property and buffer zones. The Standing Committee of the People’s Committee of Hebei Province has issued the Regulation on the Protection of Chengde Mountain Resort and its Outlying Pagodas and the Hebei Provincial Government has approved the famous Chengde City Conservation Plan about history and culture.
A conservation master plan for the Thu Thi Thu Son Trang and the Ngoai Bat Mieu has been developed and submitted for approval according to appropriate procedures, with the conservation, management and monitoring of the property and the settings of the site. it is enhanced. This provides an overall framework and direction for asset protection and management. With clear responsibilities, a relatively adequate staff and a comprehensive management regime, the heritage management and conservation agency provides a solid legal, systemic and regulatory framework to protect the integrity of the property. integrity and authenticity of the heritage. A strong professional team has been established to ensure the protection, maintenance, research and security of the property. Governments at all levels have attached great importance to heritage protection, with increased budgets allocated for site conservation. The related regulations and plans are strictly followed in order to protect the integrity and authenticity of the Son Trang and Ngoai Bat Mieu, Thua Duc. The estate is in good condition now.
Map of Tu Thu Son Trang and Ngoai Bat Mieu in Thua Duc
Video about Tu Tri Son Trang and Ngoai Bat Mieu in Thua Duc
See also: UNESCO World Cultural/Natural Heritage Sites