The Uvs Nuur Basin (1,068,853 ha), is the northernmost of the closed basins of Central Asia. It takes its name from Lake Uvs Nuur, a large, shallow and very salty lake that is important for migratory birds, waterfowl and seabirds. The site is made up of twelve protected areas representing the major biomes of eastern Eurasia. The savannah ecosystem supports a rich diversity of birds, and the desert is home to a number of rare species of gerbils, gerbils and marbled polecats. The mountains are an important refuge for the globally endangered snow leopard, mountain sheep (argali) and Asian wild goat.
Accreditation year: 2003
Area: 898,063.5 ha
Buffer zone: 170,790 ha
Region Uvs Aimag, Zavhan Aimag, Huvsgul Aimag (Mongolia); Mongun-Taiga Kojuun, Ovur Kojuun, Tes-Khem Kojuun, Ersin Kojuun (Tuva)
Outstanding global value
Shared by Mongolia and the Republic of Tuva in the Russian Federation, the Uvs Nuur Basin is a transnational World Heritage property in central Asia. The serial property includes seven components in Mongolia and five components in the Republic of Tuva, centered around the shallow and highly saline Uvs Nuur Lake. Some components are contiguous with each other across international borders, while others are separate units. Inscribed in the World Heritage List in 2003, the total surface area is nearly 898,064 ha, of which 87,830 ha belong to the cluster in the Russian Federation, 810,234 ha belongs to the cluster of Mongolia. The central Uvs Nuur Strict Reserve in Mongolia covers almost half of the entire property’s surface area.
The ancient lake basin and its surroundings boast an unusual landscape diversity, from frigid deserts to desert savanna and savannahs, conifers, deciduous forests and floodplains to regions. diverse wetlands and marshes, freshwater and saltwater systems, mobile and stationary dunes and even tundra. The site includes peaks as high as about 4000 masl, towering over Lake Uvs Nuur at about 800 masl The site contains glaciers left over from the Pleistocene ice sheets and numerous glacial lakes, and is of scientific significance. specifically to study evolution from the Ice Age to the present-day conditions. Reflecting the diversity of the landscape, there is a rich species diversity including locally endemic plants and endangered species such as the snow leopard. The entire basin has never been subjected to large-scale resource exploitation and has a long and continuing history of mobile pastoralism. The historical, cultural and spiritual importance of the landscape and its many features is reflected in the numerous artefacts and archaeological sites and in contemporary life, knowledge, resource use, songs and legends of local and indigenous communities.
Criterion (ix): The remote and closed Uvs Nuur salt lake system with a high degree of naturalness is of international scientific importance due to undisturbed climatic, hydrological and ecological processes and phenomena large scale. Since past and contemporary uses of grasslands are relatively stable and have not undergone major transformation or human impact over thousands of years, it constitutes a unique field site for a wide variety of themes. , including research on the ongoing development of Uvs Nuur and other small lakes in the basin, and the long-term lake eutrophication and eutrophication processes that remain intact. In addition to past and present significant research efforts on both sides of the border and recognition of its unique biogeographic and biological features,
Criterion (x): The serial attribute preserves the most valuable areas representing the much larger Uvs Nuur Basin, across a wide range of ecosystems and habitats, including along a steep slope with height. The diversity represents the major biomes of Central Asia with corresponding plant and animal diversity. There are important areas of different forest types and highly specialized vegetation at high altitudes, tundra systems and dryland ecosystems, including species and biomes adapted to saline conditions. More than 550 species of higher plants including extinct species and several plant species are endemic to Mongolia and the Republic of Tuva, with 5 species endemic to the lake basin. Various ecosystems support rich animal diversity, such as argali sheep, Siberian wild goats, Pallas cats and the globally endangered and elusive snow leopard. Many species of rodents are of great ecological importance and include two vulnerable species of gerbils and gerbils. Many ecological niches are occupied by an impressive density of breeding raptors. The site is also of great importance for waterfowl, and serves as a stepping stone in bird migration between Siberia and the wintering ranges of China and South Asia.
The Uvs Nuur Basin is a diverse and at the same time distinct natural landscape unit surrounded by several large and high mountain ranges. To the north, the basin transitions into the Tannu-Ola range, to the east the Sangilen and Bolnai ranges; To the west, the Tsagaan Shuvuut and Shapshaskee Ranges form the natural boundary, while the Turgen Uul and Hanhohee Ranges abut the South. All components and partitions have been selected taking into account biodiversity at all levels, connectivity and overall integrity. There are excellent opportunities for landscape-level watershed management across national boundaries of World Heritage-protected properties. However, it is important to understand the large scale of the basin, of which only a small portion is protected and recognized as a World Heritage Site. Mobile herders have co-existed with diverse flora and fauna in extreme environmental conditions for thousands of years without sacrificing the productivity, resilience and diversity of the basin. However, in light of the changing and changing macroeconomic and political landscape, there are concerns about poaching, illegal logging and overgrazing in some areas of the basin, have the potential to affect the integrity of the property in the long run.
Protection and management requirements
The transnational World Heritage property of the Uvs Nuur Basin is officially fully protected public land in both countries. All components are protected under the highest degree of national legislation of both countries concerned, the Law on Special Protected Areas (1994) and on the Buffer Zone (1998) in the event of of Mongolia and the Federal Law on Special Protected Areas (1995) in the Russian Federation. This includes the Tes River component of Mongolia, the status of which has been upgraded by decision of the World Heritage Committee. Much of the land area of modern sanctuaries overlaps with traditionally sacred mountains, lakes, rivers, and other revered landscape features. The property is not only a great example of collaboration in the conservation of a common ecosystem across international borders, but also of collaboration between governmental, scientific and non-governmental organisations. Several bilateral agreements at the level of responsible ministries and official protected area authorities strengthen cooperation and joint management planning. Border Guard personnel regularly assist with asset protection on both sides of the border. Environmental education and information activities further support asset conservation. Several bilateral agreements at the level of responsible ministries and official protected area authorities strengthen cooperation and joint management planning. Border Guard personnel regularly assist with asset protection on both sides of the border. Environmental education and information activities further support asset conservation. Several bilateral agreements at the level of responsible ministries and official protected area authorities strengthen cooperation and joint management planning. Border Guard personnel regularly assist with asset protection on both sides of the border. Environmental education and information activities further support asset conservation.
Building on existing participation of local and indigenous communities, it is expected to promote World Heritage property as a model of integrated and sustainable conservation and development. An important point is the recognition and revival of traditional conservation beliefs. With the long-term interactions between livestock, wildlife and vegetation, mobile herding is an integral element of contemporary ecology. However, grazing by itself is not sustainable, as overgrazing can lead to erosion and decrease the productivity of pastures to the detriment of livestock, wildlife and people. As elsewhere in the region, there are signs of increasing pressure on grasslands, forests and wildlife, as well as increasing fires. The key challenge for the future of the site and the broader Uvs Nuur Basin will be to maintain a balance between use and conservation at the landscape level, including but not limited to the twelve components of the site. produce. Controlling illegal activities in the property, such as poaching and illegal logging, requires adequate law enforcement equipment, staff and funding, as well as cross-border cooperation. gender on a long-term basis. Research plays an important role in better understanding the ecology and cultural heritage of the basin to go hand in hand with conservation and management. requires adequate law enforcement equipment, personnel, and funding, as well as cross-border cooperation on a long-term basis. Research plays an important role in better understanding the ecology and cultural heritage of the basin to go hand in hand with conservation and management. requires adequate law enforcement equipment, personnel, and funding, as well as cross-border cooperation on a long-term basis. Research plays an important role in better understanding the ecology and cultural heritage of the basin to go hand in hand with conservation and management.
Map of Uvs Nuur . Lake Basin
Mongun Taiga https://goo.gl/maps/sc9JqwUigYctbQwy7
Tsugeer els https://goo.gl/maps/Ff9HdA1U6QpWq1WT7
Tsagan shuvuut https://goo.gl/maps/cMkrGhgkWjXJMFo89
Uvs Lake https://goo.gl/maps/qffhHCx7ajZyNBw76
Altan els https://goo.gl/maps/fWdvgu8YHDftAq7b8
Tes River https://goo.gl/maps/DpPp5SCdxLm3NWWj9
Video of Uvs Nuur . Lake Basin
See also: UNESCO World Cultural/Natural Heritage Sites