Xinjiang Tianshan (Tianshan) consists of four components—Tomur, Kalajun-Kuerdening, Bayinbukuke and Bogda—with a total area of 606,833 hectares. They are part of the Tian Shan mountain system in Central Asia, one of the largest mountain ranges in the world. Xinjiang Tianshan exhibits unique natural geographical features and scenic areas including spectacular snow-capped peaks and glaciers, undisturbed forests and grasslands, rivers and lakes. clear and red canyon. These landscapes contrast with the adjacent vast desert landscape, creating striking visual contrasts between hot and cold, dry and wet, desolate and luxuriant environments. The topography and ecosystems of the region have been preserved since the Pliocene epoch and are an outstanding example of ongoing ecological and biological evolutionary processes. The site also extends to the Taklimakan Desert, one of the largest and highest deserts in the world, known for its large dune forms and massive dust storms. In addition, Xinjiang Tianshan is also an important habitat of endemic plant species and relics, some rare and endangered species.
Accreditation year: 2013
Area: 606,833 ha
Buffer zone: 491.103 ha
Outstanding global value
Xinjiang Tianshan is a four-component serial property with a total area of 606,833 hectares, with buffer zones totaling 491,103 hectares located in the People’s Republic of China at Xinjiang Tianshan, the eastern part of Thien Son mountain range. The four components lie along 1,760 km of the Tianshan Xinjiang, a temperate arid region surrounded by the deserts of Central Asia. The property is nominated under criterion (vii) for outstanding beauty and superlative natural features and criterion (ix) for documenting a wide range of biological and ecological processes.
The hotel has outstanding scenic values and a wide range of first-class natural features – from red canyons to alpine peaks and glaciers to stunning wetlands, grasslands and savannas. The visual impact of these features is magnified by the stark contrasts between the vast Central Asian mountains and deserts, and between the arid southern slopes and the much wetter northern slopes. Xinjiang Tianshan is also an outstanding example of biological and ecological evolution taking place in arid temperate regions. The distribution of vegetation by altitude, the significant difference between the northern and southern slopes, and the diversity of flora all illustrate the biological and ecological evolution of the Pamir Plateau. – Tian Shan. Xinjiang Tianshan has outstanding biodiversity and is an important habitat for relic species, and many rare and endangered species, as well as endemic species. It provides an excellent example of the gradual replacement of the original warm and moist flora with modern xeric Mediterranean flora.
Criterion (vii): Thien Son is a large mountain range in Central Asia stretching about 2,500 km. It is the largest mountain range in the arid temperate regions of the world and the largest isolated east-west mountain range globally. The Xinjiang portion of Tian Shan runs east-west for 1,760 km and is a mountain range of outstanding natural beauty. Xinjiang Tianshan is anchored to the west by the highest peak in the Tianshan, Tomur Peak at 7,443 meters and to the east by Bogda Peak at 5,445 meters. The range lies between two Central Asian deserts, the Junggar Desert to the north and the Tarim Desert to the south. The beauty of Xinjiang Tianshan lies not only in its spectacular snow-capped mountains and icy peaks, beautiful forests and grasslands, clear rivers and lakes, and fiery red canyons, but also in its combination and contrast between mountains and vast desert elements. The stark contrast of bare rocks on the southern slopes and the luxuriant forest and grasslands on the north create a striking visual contrast between hot and cold, dry and wet, desolate, and desolate environments and environments. luxuriant – and of exceptional beauty.
Criterion (ix): Xinjiang Tianshan is an outstanding example of biological and ecological evolution taking place in arid temperate regions. The landforms and ecosystems have been preserved since the Pliocene epoch due to the Thien Son’s location between two deserts and the arid continental climate of Central Asia, which is unique among the world’s mountain ecosystems. gender. Xinjiang Tianshan has all the typical high-altitude mountain ranges of temperate arid regions, reflecting changes in humidity and heat at different altitudes, slopes and slopes. The site is an outstanding example for the study of biome succession in arid mountain ecosystems experiencing global climate change. Xinjiang Tianshan is also an excellent representative of biological and ecological evolution in the Pamir-Tian Shan Plateau. The distribution of vegetation by altitude, the significant difference between the northern and southern slopes, and the diversity of flora all illustrate the biological and ecological evolution of the Pamir Plateau. – Tian Shan. This property is also an important habitat for relic species, and many rare and endangered species, as well as endemic species. It is representative of the process by which the original warm and moist flora was gradually replaced by modern Mediterranean xeric flora.
The property is a serial property consisting of four components with a total area of 606,833 hectares, with buffer zones totaling 515,592 hectares. The four ingredients include: Tomur, Kalajun-Kuerdening, Bayinbuluke and Bogda. The four components follow the boundaries of the existing protected areas, except in the case of the Kalajun-Kuerdening component, where the two parks were merged. The boundaries of different components follow prominent natural features including lifelines, rivers, vegetation zones, etc.
The property is representative of many superlative features and ecological processes in Tianshan Xinjiang. The property includes breathtaking landscapes from yolk-lined canyons to the highest peaks and largest glaciers in the entire range, to the ecologically rich and scenic alpine meadows, to the river, lake and wetland areas. The property fully captures the high-altitude regions of the temperate arid and evolutionary processes of the Pamir-Tian Shan highlands.
This area benefits from a very low threat level. There are no permanent residents in the property. Mining industries and infrastructure development are restricted to the area and do not exist in the property. There are no records of invasive species. All assets are legally protected and all components are buffered.
Protection and management requirements
Components of the site are on IUCN Schedules I-IV, although some, including the largest (Tomur) are managed under List Ia. The property has been under conservation management for some time. Tomur Peak National Nature Reserve in particular has been under conservation management since 1985. A variety of governing natural and environmental resource use laws and properties thus benefit from legal protections. at a high level.
Each component has a management plan, and a management plan also exists for the entire asset. A new management plan for the entire property will come into effect in 2014. The property is well-staffed and well-funded. Extensive research has been conducted at the site, giving park staff a solid knowledge base to work with.
Particular attention should be paid to ensuring effective management planning and coordination among geographically disparate components of assets. Future efforts should focus on opportunities to expand or add to the property to increase its size and integrity given the enormous overall scale of the Tian Shan Mountains system. This should also consider initiatives with neighboring countries to look at transnational opportunities to expand the protection of the Tian Shan system.
Attention should also be paid to working with IUCN and other partners to better understand the impact of grazing on Thien Son’s natural ecosystems and explore the potential for integrating local communities and communities. especially traditional herders into property management.
Map of Xinjiang Tianshan
Video of Tianshan in Xinjiang
See also: UNESCO World Cultural/Natural Heritage Sites